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History of copyrights

Статьи регистрация товарных знаков, патентные поверенные,

The history of copyright dates back to the Middle Ages. In those days, the forerunners of copyright were the so-called privileges. Privileges were granted by the monarch to the author, at their request. Often, privileges were given to works of literature and were rare. Scientists and people of art believed that their works are not an act of creation, because they did not claim their rights to works.

The first official law introducing copyright was adopted on April 10, 1710. It was the Statute of Queen Anne. This law protected the authors of books, maps and drawings. According to this law, the author had exclusive rights to his work for 14 years and had the right to extend it upon the expiration of the term for the same period.

In 1774, the House of Lords of Great Britain rejected the idea of ​​perpetual copyrights. Under this law, the copyright was issued for a certain period, and after it expired, the work protected by it became publicly available. Such a decision of the House of Lords was also taken so that publishers could no longer restrain the development of culture and innovation in England.

In 1783, the first copyright act was adopted in the United States. Copyright protection was introduced in 12 of the 13 states that made up the United States at the time. In 1790, the United States Congress passed a copyright law.

This law provided copyright to the author for 14 years. If after this time the author was alive, he could extend his rights. If the author refused to renew his copyright, then his work became public domain.

1831 In the United States, the maximum copyright period was extended to 42 years. This year, composers were included in the list of protected authors. Note recordings of works were forbidden to be reprinted and sold without permission of the authors.

1870 This year, all issues related to copyright registration are sent to the Library of the US Congress. The copyright sign applies to artists and sculptors. It was also separately noted that copyright does not prohibit the translation of literary works into a foreign language, as well as create stage performances based on it.

1886 At the Bern Convention, the first international agreement on copyright protection was signed. The purpose of this convention was to ensure the mutual recognition of copyright by various states and the establishment of international standards for their protection. Instead of each country registering copyright separately, a single procedure for registering copyright was created. The Berne Convention has been revised and supplemented several times. The USA joined the Bern Convention in 1988.

1912 Copyright was allowed to protect movies. Before that, they were considered the branch of photography. The rights to the film belonged to the director, screenwriter and composer.

1990 year. Copyright allowed to defend architectural projects, computer graphics, art performances and performances.

1992 It is forbidden to rewrite and play music without the permission of the owners of the rights to them. Private recording is allowed for home use only.

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