A trademark certifies the origin of goods from a well-known commercial or industrial enterprise. To be able to protect trademarks from counterfeiting, their registration with government agencies is required. In Russia (under the law of 1896), a trademark certificate is issued by the Commerce Department of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. A. Nebolsin, «Legislation on trademarks and trademarks» (1886); Kobelyatsky, «Industrial., Literary. property» (1896).
Крылова и партнеры / Trademark in Pre-Revolutionary Russia