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Commodity signs in Middle ages300
In Middle ages with development of trade and increase of producing goods, producible the different guilds of artisans and merchants, commodities began to be marked the special brands, that became a quality guarantee in future. Later trade guilds suggested to do obligatory the use of trademark. Such step obligated producers to correspond to the certain standard of quality, and helped the same to protect the reputation.
Sometimes, a few artisans could participate in the production of some product at once. At that rate each of artisans had a right to leave the brand on the result of the labour.
In England, in 1266 by parliament the first legislative act touching trademarks was accepted. In accordance with an act every baker was under an obligation to fill in the sign on bread. It was done in order that in case of disparity of bread standards can define guilty.